• Keita Kato

【Learning Japanese】Let's learn Japanese easily #2

Today, we are going to introduce you another sentence structure, which is S+V+C.

S= suject


C=complements (adjectives, nouns)

In this structure, the remarkable feature will be S=C.

For example,

・kare wa gakusei desu.

 He is a  student.

The subject(S) is He, and the complement(C).

In a formal conversation, always put start with a subject and end with a verb.

You can also change the order if you doesn't have to be formal.

・gakusei desu kare wa

The verb is a Be-verb, so you can't start with a verb in this structure even it's casual. (Important!)
"Am, is, are" are translated as ~desu.

Let's learn some complements, which are adjectives and nouns!


1. Onakasuiteiru ... hungry

2. nemui ... sleepy

3. tsukareteiru ... tired

4. taikutsushiteiru ... tired


1. sensei ...teacher

2. gakusei ... student

3. isha ... doctor

4. shufu ... house wife

Now, let's make sentences with the complemen