• Keita Kato

【Learning Japanese】Let's learn Japanese easily #2

Today, we are going to introduce you another sentence structure, which is S+V+C.


S= suject

V=verb

C=complements (adjectives, nouns)


In this structure, the remarkable feature will be S=C.


For example,


・kare wa gakusei desu.

 He is a  student.


The subject(S) is He, and the complement(C).
In a formal conversation, always put start with a subject and end with a verb.



You can also change the order if you doesn't have to be formal.

・gakusei desu kare wa


The verb is a Be-verb, so you can't start with a verb in this structure even it's casual. (Important!)
"Am, is, are" are translated as ~desu.

Let's learn some complements, which are adjectives and nouns!


Adjectives

1. Onakasuiteiru ... hungry

2. nemui ... sleepy

3. tsukareteiru ... tired

4. taikutsushiteiru ... tired


Nouns

1. sensei ...teacher

2. gakusei ... student

3. isha ... doctor

4. shufu ... house wife


Now, let's make sentences with the complements!


1. Anata wa sensei desu. (You are a teacher.)

2. Watashi wa nemui desu.

3. Kare wa onakasuiteirun desu.(He is hungry) *put n after an adjective)

4. Watashitachi wa tukareteirun desu. (We are tired.)



★ The subjects we learned in the previous blog

I =watashi wa

You =anata wa

He = kare wa

She = kanojyo wa

We = watashitachi wa

They = karera wa

It = sore wa





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